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At a glance

Official name: the Slovak Republic
Date of establishment: 1 January 1993
Form of government: republic
Political system: parliamentary democracy

Constitutional system: constitutional and legislative power (the National Council of the Slovak Republic), executive power (the President of the Slovak Republic and the Government of the Slovak Republic), judicial power (constitutional court and courts)
Administrative organisation: 8 higher territorial units, 8 regions, 79 districts, 138 cities and towns, 2,883 villages
Regional capitals: Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Trenčín, Žilina, Banská Bystrica, Prešov, Košice
Official language: Slovak
Capital: Bratislava (428,672 inhabitants)
Neighbouring countries: Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Austria

Area: 49,035 sq. km
Population: 5,379,455 (out of them 51.4 % of women)
Density of population: 109 sq. km
Large cities and towns: Košice (240,915), Prešov (92,687), Nitra (87,357), Žilina (86,685) Banská Bystrica (84,919), Trnava (70,191), Martin (60,772), Trenčín (58,872), Poprad (55,037), Prievidza (54,405), Zvolen (44,328).

Ethnic mix of the population: Slovaks (85.8 %), Hungarians (9.7 %), Roma (1.7 %), Czechs (0.8 %), Ruthenians, Ukrainians, Russians, Germans, Poles and others (2 %)
Population and their denominations: believers (84.1 %) out of them: Roman Catholic Church (68.9 %), Evangelic Church of Augsburg Confession (6.9 %), Greek Catholic Church (4.1 %), Reformed Christian Church (2 %), unknown (2.2 %), without religious affiliation (13.7 %)
Main political parties in the National Council: Smer-Social Democracy (SMER-SD), Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ), Freedom and Solidarity (SaS), Christian Democratic Movement (KDH), Most-Híd, Slovak National Party (SNS)

President of the Republic: Ivan Gašparovič
Speaker of Parliament: Pavol Paška
Prime Minister: Róbert Fico
Currency: Euro, 1 €
Membership in international organisations: EU, NATO, OSN, OECD, OSCE, WHO, INTERPOL etc.