Committees of the United Nations General Assembly
Slovakia is an active and responsible partner that thoroughly fulfils all its treaty duties and obligations. In coordination with other EU Member-States, Slovakia is active at the building and strengthening of effective mechanisms of mutual trust and transparency. We advocate for consistent adherence to the existing treaties, conventions and regimes on disarmament, reduction and arms control, as well as non-proliferation of conventional, nuclear, biological and chemical weapons by all countries. We are active towards accession of other countries to the existing treaties and conventions, their ratification and coming into effect (e.g. Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty). Slovakia supports the introduction and implementation of new disarmament measures with special emphasis on current threats of international terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, which are in the spotlight of the international community today. Its serious approach to this topic and a strengthened responsibility in this field was recognized and confirmed by international community in January 2006, when Slovakia took over the Chairmanship of the UN SC Committee established pursuant to the resolution 1540 after Romania.
Today, the UN GA First Committee is, de facto, the only working UN forum in the are of disarmament and arms control. The Slovak Delegation in the First Committee, in close coordination with other EU Member States, pursues support to the achievement of fundamental goals of the Slovak foreign and security policy, as well as the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) in the field of arms control and disarmament taking into account the realistic nature of demands for this field in the context of the current security climate in the world.
Slovakia is active in the field of the strengthening of international co-operation in areas such as export and transfer of arms, military equipment and goods, including technologies of possible dual use, illegal trade with small arms and light weapons, etc. We actively participate in information and educational activities of the UN and other international organizations in the field of disarmament.
The first Conference to review an ambitious 2001 Programme of Action to control the illicit trade in small arms ended in the beginning of July 2006 without agreement on a formal outcome document, thus failing to provide the General Assembly with either a mandate to conduct a further review in five years, or guidance on future implementation.
Establishing a global framework for curbing the illicit trade in small arms, the action plan contained substantial agreed norms and programmes on several issues, including preventing and combating the illicit production and trafficking of small arms and light weapons; ensuring effective controls of the legal production of those weapons; their holding and transfer; weapons collection and destruction; and the control of those arms in post-conflict situations. National strategies, which had been an important result of the 2001 Conference, were in varying stages of implementation, but they had emerged as a key focus for increased global assistance.
Asserting that the real victims of the outcome of the 2006 conference were the millions of people around the world dying daily from small arms violence, Finland’s speaker, on behalf of the European Union to which Slovakia aligned itself, expressed its disappointment about the lack of progress on the priority areas, as well as on issues such as the role of civil society, civilian possession, gender issues, stockpiles management, man-portable air defence systems (MANPADS), and the human rights aspects of the illicit use of small arms. Following adoption of the Conference’s procedural report, he said the Conference had missed an opportunity to “make a real difference in the common fight against this scourge”, owing to the unwillingness of some delegations to make significant progress. On behalf of the whole EU he also regretted that civil society’s momentum had not been matched by the will of States.
An intense topic followed by the 1st Committee at the 61st UN GA session was the negotiations on the Arms Trade Treaty resolution submitted by the UK delegation. By its adoption was initiated a process that should result in the internationally binding treaty regulating trading with all types of conventional weapons. Its main operative element would be the role of the Secretary General in convening of Group of governmental experts to explore any options for further development of the process. Since it would have a direct impact on its national policy, this process will be closely followed also by Slovakia.
For further information, please visit http://www.un.org/ga/61/first/first.shtml.
The Second Committee of the General Assembly is focused on economic and financial issues. Key agenda consists of poverty eradication, development assistance and financing for development, operational activities for development, humanitarian assistance, globalization, macroeconomic policy questions, trade, debt. Sustainable development is dominated by climate change, biological diversity, disaster reduction and in general by implementation of Agenda 21. The session of the Second Committee of the 61st General Assembly is scheduled to be held between 2 October and 1 December 2006.
The Second Committee is chaired by H.E. Ambassador Tiina Intelmann of Estonia. Mr. Benedicto FONSECA Filho (Brazil), Mr. Prayono ATIYANTO (Indonesia) and Mr. Aboubacar Sadikh BARRY (Senegal) serve as vice-chairs and Ms. Vanessa GOMES (Portugal) as the Rapporteur of the Committee.
For further information, please, visit www.un.org/ga/61/second/second.shtml.
The Third Committee of the General Assembly focuses its work on the human rights and social development problems. Key agenda issues are crime prevention, criminal justice, drugs, elimination of racism and racial discrimination, right to self-determination, ageing of the world population, problems of youth. Special attention in the area human rights area is paid to the protection of children, women, indigenous people and migrants. The working meetings of the Third Committee of the 61st session of General Assembly were held between 2 October and 8 December 2006.
H E. Mr. Hamid al Bayati of Iraq has been elected as Chairman, Mr. Jorge Ballestros (Costa Rica), Mr. Lamin Faati (Gambia) and Mr. Sergei A. Rachkov (Belarus) as vice-chairs and Ms. Elena Molaroni (San Marino) as the Rapporteur of the Committee.
For further information, please, see http://www.un.org/ga/61/third/third.shtml.
The Fourth Committee of the General Assembly primarily deals with the issues of decolonization and granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples, information from non-self-governing territories, international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space, comprehensive review of peacekeeping operations in all their aspects, assistance in mine action, effects of atomic radiation, questions relating to information, as well as with the question of Palestine refugees and their situation in the Near East. In addition to those traditional items, a new agenda item entitled University of Peace was introduced during the 61st session of the UN General Assembly in 2006.
During its main (autumn) part of the 61st session, the Fourth Committee has held 27 formal meetings, starting its consideration on October 2 and concluding it on November 28, 2006. During this period the Committee has considered 14 agenda items and approved 25 draft resolutions and two draft decisions.
The Chairman of the Fourth Committee during the 61st session is Ambassador Madju Raman Acharya from Nepal. The Vice-Chairpersons are Mr. Mahieddine Djeffal (Algeria), Ms. Monica Bolanos-Perez (Guatemala) and Mr. Urban Andersson (Sweden). The Rapporteur is Ms. Rana Salayeva (Azerbaijan).
Further information concerning activities and documents of this Committee are available at: http://www.un.org/ga/61/fourth/fourth.shtml
The Fifth Committee of the General Assembly is entrusted with all the issues pertaining to administrative and budgetary matters of the Organization. It considers Secretary-General’s proposals for regular budget and for the budgets of the Peacekeeping missions authorized by the Security Council. The Fifth Committee then submits its recommendations to the General Assembly for approval.
Chairman of the 5th Committee for the 61th session of the General Assembly (2006-2007) is Mr. Youcef Yousfi (Permanent Representative of Algeria to the UN), Vice-Chairmen are Mr. Ilgar Mammadov (Azerbaijan), Mr. Alexios Mitsopoulos (Greece) and Mr. Ram Babu Dhakal (Nepal). Rapporteur of the Committee is Mr. Diego Simancas (Mexico).
Financing of the UN
During the 61st session of the General Assembly (autumn 2006) the Scale of Assessments for apportionment of the expenses of the UN for 2007-2009 was approved. According to it the share of Slovakia to the regular budget has increased from 0,051% to 0,063%. The contribution of the Slovak Republic to the UN regular budget in 2006 presented 870 365 USD, in 2007 it is already 1 281 968 USD. Regular budget of the United Nations Organization for the year 2007 has been set at 2 274 439 650 USD. Slovakia’s share on the financing of the United Nations Peacekeeping operations, which have a separate Scale of Assessment, has increased since 2007 from 0,0153 % to 0,0189%. The budgets of current UN peacekeeping operations amount up to 5 billion USD in the current financial year.
The 61st session of the General Assembly adopted also the decision about the financing of the project for the reconstruction of the United Nations Headquarters in New York (the so called Capital Master Plan) which has to be completed by 2014 and the costs for which should not exceed 1,876.7 million USD.
Slovakia pays its contributions to the budgets of the Organization on time, in full and without conditions, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the UN Charter.
Further information concerning activities and documents of this Committee are available at: http://www.un.org/ga/61/fifth/
The Sixth Committee of the General Assembly considers legal items referred to it by the General Assembly. Main agenda issues at its sixty-first session are Report of the International Law Commission, Report of UNCITRAL, Measures to eliminate international terrorism, Status of the Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and relating to the protection of victims of armed conflicts, Report of the Committee on the Charter of the United Nations,.
Chairman of the Sixth Committee for the sixty-first session is: H.E. Mr. Juan Manuel Gomez Robledo of Mexico; Vice-Chairmen are Mr. Sivagurunathan Ganeson, Malaysia, Mr. Theodor Cosmin Onisii, Romania and Mr. Stefan Barriga, Liechtenstein. The Rapporteur is Mr. Mamadou Moustapha Loum, Senegal.
The Sixth Committee held its autumn working session from 10 October to 4 December 2006. Further information concerning activities and documents of the Sixth Committee are available at www.un.org/law/cod/sixth