NATO je agresívnym paktom a hrozbou pre Rusko

Updated 15.04.2024
Published 28.02.2023

Within disinformation narratives there is often a statement that NATO is encircling Russia and represents a threat to it. 

Facts

NATO is a defensive alliance, whose main purpose is to protect its members within the system of collective defence. The official NATO policy is that "the Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia."  It was Russia that, using military force, violated the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia in 2008 and that of Ukraine both in 2014 and 2022.    

The cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Alliance was institutionalized in 1997 with the Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between NATO and the Russian Federation. On the basis of this, there was cooperation between Russia and NATO in various areas from the fight against narcotics and countering terrorism to civil protection.

In 2014, in response to Russian aggression in Ukraine, NATO suspended cooperation with Russia; however it kept open a forum for political dialogue at the NATO-Russia Council as well as communication channels between military representatives of Russia and NATO.   

In response to Russia's actions that deteriorated the security environment in Europe, after the summit in Warsaw in 2016, four multinational NATO battlegroups were formed on the territory of the Baltic States and Poland as part of the Enhanced Forward Presence. This Presence is defensive and in compliance with international commitments.  It represents a significant commitment by the Allies and is tangible evidence of the principle of Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty. At the summit in Madrid in 2022 the original four battlegroups were reinforced with four more, formed on the territory of Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia.

It is also a myth that NATO is encircling Russia. Even with Finland having joined the Alliance (April 2023) when NATO´s land border with Russia doubled, only 11 % of Russian borders touch NATO member countries. Russia is geographically the biggest country of the world, being almost twice the size of the USA and China, and it has borders with 14 countries and only six of them are members of the Alliance. As for NATO presence in other than member countries, the military presence is currently only in Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Iraq, and in all these cases it has the proper international legal basis. In contrast, Russia has military bases on the territory of Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine without the consent of their governments and a UN mandate.

Source: NATO

Pre NATO bolo Rusko vždy nepriateľ

Updated 15.04.2024
Published 28.02.2023

NATO critics say that Russia has always been an enemy for NATO. This myth has its origin more as a result of subjective feelings than the objective reality.

 

Facts

NATO is a defensive alliance that is no threat to Russia or any other country. NATO does not seek confrontation, does not represent any threat to Russia and is not in a war with Russia. In response to Russian aggression we continue to strengthen our deterrence and defence. NATO is ready to protect every Ally and defend every centimeter of the Allied territory.

 

In the history of mutual relations with Russia there were periods when there were even justified considerations about Russia being a potential future member of NATO. In 1990, NATO offered a dialogue to the then Soviet Union.  Later it created platforms – Partnership for Peace and Euro-Atlantic Partner Council – open to Russia. In 1997, the Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security was signed, establishing the NATO-Russia Council.  No other partner was offered such a vast and comprehensive relation by NATO. The relations between Russia and NATO were undermined only after 7 new members joined NATO in 2004, when Russia started to view the Alliance as a threat getting closer to its borders. The relations were also not helped by the Russian-Georgian war and the occupation of part of Georgia´s territory by the Russian Federation, the annexation of Ukraine´s Crimea, the attack against Ukraine, as well as Moscow's suspension of adherence to its commitments under the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe. 

At the NATO summit in Madrid in 2022, as part of the Strategic Concept of the Alliance, the Allies agreed that Russia is the most significant and the most direct threat to their security and peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic space.  This was in NATO´s response to Russia's aggressive military invasion of Ukraine. NATO thus deemed Russia a threat only in 2022, a change of position based solely on Russia´s behaviour. And, of course, this designation is not “eternal” but the Strategic Concept states that any change in the relation depends on whether the Russian Federation stops its aggressive behaviour and fully complies with international law. The current security situation suggests that Russia is trying to create spheres of influence and promote its interests through coercion, aggression or annexation.

 

The main role of the Alliance is to keep its inhabitants safe. It will continue to respond to Russian threats in a united and responsible way. We are significantly strengthening our deterrence and defence, supporting our partners and enhancing our resilience. In compliance with Article 5 of the Washington Treaty, NATO will continue safeguarding the freedom, democracy and security of a billion people in all the 32 member countries.

 

Source:  NATO

 

Slovensko by malo byť neutrálne

Updated 15.04.2024
Published 28.02.2023

Proponents of neutrality think that neutrality would lead to preserving peace and enable Slovakia to avoid the negative impacts of international crises and conflicts. They also point to the historical injustice of the Munich Agreement of 1938, when the Western Allies sacrificed Czechoslovakia in favour of broader interests and that NATO Allies would also act similarly now.

 

Facts

 

However, the basis for neutrality is that somebody would also have to guarantee it to us.  At the same time, we would be left on our own in case of an attack on our territory.

The most well-known example of neutrality is Switzerland that has had military neutrality guaranteed since the times of the Treaty of Paris in 1815. However, during World War II, the Swiss territory was intruded upon several times by the fighting parties and in response to Hitler´s plans it had to mobilize as many as 850,000 soldiers. Nowadays Switzerland invests considerable resources in its defence and has introduced mandatory military service (which was abolished in Slovakia in 2005). 

Other favourite examples include Finland, Sweden and Austria. However, two of the aforementioned states have recently become NATO member countries (Finland in April 2023, Sweden in March 2024), in response to Russian aggression in Ukraine and after having assessed the security situation in Europe. Although Austria has no similar ambitions, it is not exempt from responsibility for its own defence and investments in its armed forces.

In addition to this, Switzerland as well as Austria are encircled by NATO member states. 

NATO membership also provides us with a protective alliance umbrella.  If any party decides to attack Slovakia, we have 31 Allies that would stand up for us. 

Having said this means that neutrality is a principle that is not relevant for Slovakia in the current security environment.

Source:  World Population Review

Slovensko posiela 2 % svojho HDP do rozpočtu NATO

Updated 15.04.2024
Published 28.02.2023

In relation to NATO, there is often disinformation about the 2% of Slovakia´s GDP that is sent to the NATO budget.

 

Facts

This statement is not true.  Slovakia like other member states committed to achieve investments in defence in the amount of 2 % of GDP. However, this means investments in its own armed forces and not to the NATO budget. In fact there is not anything like an “allied armed forces” or “NATO defence budget”.

NATO has three budgets (the civil budget, the military budget and the NATO Security Investments Program) that are designed for the “operation” of the Alliance and capital investments, but their total amount is only a fraction compared to the sum of total defence expenditures of individual member states.   

Source:  NATO