Slovakia and the United Nations
Slovakia became member of the United Nations on January 19, 1993 as one of the successor states after the division of the former Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. Slovakia, as part of former Czechoslovakia was one of the founding members of the UN in 1945. Czechoslovak diplomat and Slovak national, Ján Papánek, was one of the original drafters of the UN Charter.
Slovakia is an avid advocate of global partnerships and effective multilateral cooperation. Hence, Slovakia attaches utmost importance to the United Nations and its membership in this global organization is one of the main pillars of the Slovak Foreign Policy. Slovak priorities in the UN are based on universal values of multilateralism, equality, transparency, respect for freedom and human rights, peace and security, social, economic and environmental development.
Slovakia supports strengthening the United Nations in its ability to react promptly and effectively to emerging global challenges and opportunities. After more than 70 years of its existence, complex and meaningful United Nations reform is currently high on its agenda with the aim of adapting its work to the needs and realities of the 21st century. In this regard, Slovakia promotes rationalization and revitalization of the United Nations General Assembly as well as a meaningful reform of the UN Security Council including its expansion in both categories of membership. In times of persisting global financial and economic strains, Slovakia pays particular attention to the enhancing of the Economic and Social Council as a natural focal point for development within the United Nations system, reinforcing coherence and coordination and avoiding duplication of efforts. Budgetary discipline and effective use of financial resources are important part of pressing management reform without which the desired strengthening of the United Nations in all its complexity cannot be fully achieved.
From 2010 to 2012 Slovakia was a member of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).In 2012 Mr. Miloš Koterec, Ambassador and Slovak Permanent Representative to the United Nations, , held the position of its chairman. The membership of Slovakia in ECOSOC provided a valuable and unique opportunity to work more pro-actively towards enhancing the role of ECOSOC in the global efforts for achieving sustainable development, especially through strengthened cooperation of all relevant actors and stakeholders, including the IFIs, NGOs, private sector, academy and the youth.
After successful membership of Slovakia in the UN Security Council in 2006-2007 and in the UN Human Rights Council during 2008-2011, the membership and subsequent presidency of the Economic and Social Council crowned Slovakia`s first 20 years of United Nations membership with hands-on experience and first line participation in the work of all three main pillars of UN work: peace and security, development and human rights.
Quality of Slovak diplomacy was acknowledged by the international community as the Minister of Foreign and European Affaires of the Slovak Republic Mr. Miroslav Lajčák was elected the President of the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly. Mr. Lajčák will held the position, highest within the UN in terms of protocol, from September 2017 to September 2018.
In April 2017 the Secretary General of the United Nations has appointed Ms. Oľga Algayerová as the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE). Among the Slovak diplomats holding senior positions within the UN belong Mr. Ján Kubiš, Special Representative of the Secretary General for Iraq and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq and Mr. Miroslav Jenča, the Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs. Former Permanent Representative of the Slovak Republic to the United Nations in New York, Mr. Peter Tomka is a judge of the International Court of Justice since 2003. In addition, Slovakia is proud of its nationals serving within the UN Secretariat and other UN specialized agencies and programmes.
Slovakia also continues to support building the capacity of the United Nations in the Security Sector Reform (SSR) in which, particularly thanks to its Presidency in informal groups within the United Nations (Expanded Core Group and a Group of Friends of SSR) plays a leading role.
Human Rights are one of the pillars of Slovak Foreign Policy. Under Slovakia´s initiative, the UN Human Rights Committee adopted in 2011 “The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child”. During 2009-2010, Slovakia facilitated the universal implementation of the Rome Statue of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Hague. During the period 2011 - 2014, Slovakia was a member of the Bureau of State Parties of the Rome Statue of the ICC.
Slovakia has been an active contributor to world peace and security. Besides Slovakia´s continuing participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping operation in Cyprus (UNFICYP) and in Middle East (UNTSO), but also in Haiti (MINUSTAH).
More specific information regarding participation of Slovakia in UN Peacekeeping Operations can be found on the web page of the Ministry of Defense of Slovakia: www.mzv.sk/unnewyork or the web page of the UN Department for Peacekeeping.
Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic
Permanent Mission of the Slovak Republic To the United Nations in New York
Last Update Date: 9.8.2017 Create Date: 16.4.2015